Baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate, is widely used in baking. This is because it has leavening properties, meaning it causes dough to rise by producing carbon dioxide.
It is possible to make cookies without baking soda or baking powder, but the resulting cookie will be dense. This is because carbon dioxide is not being produced by a chemical reaction that typically occurs when baking soda or powder is present in the cookie batter.
When making cookies without baking soda, it is important to keep in mind the type of cookie you are making and the kinds of ingredients that the recipe calls for. Cookies that rely heavily on acidic ingredients will not be the best to substitute baking soda, as it may produce varied results.
Baking powder is a two-in-one chemical leavening that combines a powdered alkali (sodium bicarbonate) with a powdered acid (originally, tartaric acid). When moistened in a dough or batter, a chemical reaction takes place that produces carbon dioxide gas, inflating cookies, cakes, and pancakes.
Baking soda is typically used for chewy cookies, while baking powder is generally used for light and airy cookies. Since baking powder is comprised of a number of ingredients (baking soda, cream of tartar, cornstarch, etc.), using it instead of pure baking soda will affect the taste of your cookies.
Here are 4 clever substitutes for baking soda.
- Baking Powder. Like baking soda, baking powder is an ingredient frequently used in baking to promote rise, or leavening, of the final product. …
- Potassium Bicarbonate and Salt. …
- Baker’s Ammonia. …
- Self-Rising Flour.
What happens if you don’t use baking soda?
Baking soda is a salt that makes food light and fluffy. If you don’t have this ingredient at hand, use a baking soda substitute. Without it, your cake won’t rise and can turn out flat.
When a recipe is well written, the baking powder acts as reinforcements to a chemical reaction that is happening with or without the baking powder present. When a recipe has too much baking powder in it…the baking powder can force the cookie to puff more than it would on it’s own. This is an AWESOME thing for cakes.
Why are my cookies tough? The most common reason that cookies are tough is that the cookie dough was mixed too much. When flour is mixed into the dough, gluten begins to form. Gluten helps hold baked goods together, but too much gluten can lead to tough cookies.
Instead of adding more liquid to your dough (like sour cream or buttermilk), you can simply add a bit of baking powder. These cookies will turn out tender and chewy.
When you mix the butter and sugar together at high speed or for too long, you’ll aerate the dough excessively, causing the cookies to rise—and then fall—in the oven. Dough that’s too warm. Chilling solidifies the fat in the dough, which means that the cookies will melt slower under the heat of the oven.